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Power System Stabilization with Distributed Energy Resources

profilePhoto   Christine Melay
Linksium Contact Christine Melay +33 (0)6 21 77 19 90 christine.melay@linksium.fr
170015 PRIMARYSUPPORT

Benefits

  • Cost reduction of electrical network operating
  • Increase grid stability and security
  • Best use of distributed resources

Key words

  • Electrical network
  • Frequency load shedding
  • Smart grid

Intellectual Property

  • 1 patent
  • 2 software
  • 1 knowhow

Laboratory

  • G2Elab

Institutions

  • CNRS
  • GRENOBLE INP
  • UGA

Linksium Continuum

  • Maturation
  • Commercialization

Results

  • Available licenses

Context

Due to Distributed Renewable Energy Sources (DRES), power flows are becoming bidirectional and lowering the inertia, increasing the frequency deviations and reducing the self healing reaction efficiency of our modern Power Systems. This high frequency deviation within power system gets a serious problem for todays network operation.

Technology

The purpose aims at stabilizing the frequency of the network by controlling the active power of distributed loads/sources with frequency deviation.

This is realized with five steps :

  • Periodically measure the value of the load shedding potential (small/diffuse load) or the production of renewable energy for a dispatch down (source)
  • Prioritize and sort within the frequency range for each site the estimated load shedding power in the next 15 minutes (taking into account the instantaneous load shedding power and the history of consumption of the site, or the production of renewable energy)
  • Send to each site its own frequency threshold
  • For a load, if the grid frequency drops below the threshold, selected loads are disconnected
  • For a source, if the network frequency reaches the threshold, it reduces the injection on the network

Advantages

  • Automatic and secure selection of Frequency Containment Reserve (FCR)
  • Automatic and secure selection of pre-Under Frequency Load Shedding (UFLS)
  • Targeted DER and DRES: electric heating, hot water tank, electric vehicle, distributed storage and renewable sources

State of progress

The technology (hard and software) has been validated within the EU project DREAM. Successful testing was realised at the ICCS Lab in Athens, the airport in Milan and the showroom at Schneider Electric. Further tests in the lab on real network simulations have been carried out. Data was managed with a cloud based plateforme in Lille.

Applications

FCR and possible pre Under-Frequency Load Shedding (UFLS)

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